Child’s AgeMastered Skills
(most children can do)
Emerging Skills
(half of children can do)
Advanced Skills
(a few children can do)

One MonthLifts head
Responds to sound
Stares at faces
Follows objects
Oohs and aahs
Can see black and white patterns
Holds head at 45 degree angle
Two MonthsVocalizes sounds
Gurgling and cooing
Follows objects
Holds head up for short periods
Smiles and laughs
Holds head at 45 degree angle
Movements become smoother
Holds head steady
Bears weight on legs
May lift head and shoulder (mini push up)
Three MonthsLaughs
Holds head steady
Recognizes your face and scent
Squeals, gurgles and coos
Recognizes your voice
Does mini push ups
Turns towards loud sounds
Can bring hands together and may bat at toys
Can roll over
Four MonthsHolds head up steadily
Can bear weight on legs
Coos when you talk to them
Can grasp a toy
Reaches out for objects
Can roll over
Imitates speech sounds – ‘baba’ ‘dada’
May cut first tooth
Five MonthsCan distinguish between bold colours
Can roll over
Amuses themselves by playing with hands and feet
Turns towards new sounds
Recognizes own name
May sit momentarily without support
Mouths objects
Stranger anxiety may begin
May be ready for solids
Six MonthsTurns towards sounds and voices
Imitates sounds, blows bubbles
Rolls in both directions
Reaches for objects and mouths them
Sits without support
Is ready for solids
May lunge forward or start crawling
May jabber or combine syllables
May drag object towards themselves
Seven MonthsSits without support
Reaches for things with a sweeping motion
Imitates speech sounds (babbles)
Combines syllables into word like sounds
Begins to crawl or lunges forwards
Stands while holding on to something
Waves goodbye
Bangs objects together
Eight MonthsSays ‘dada’ and ‘mama’ to both parents (not specific)
Begins to crawl
Passes object from hand to hand
Stands while holding on to something
Crawls well
Points and objects
Pulls self to standing position, cruises around furniture while holding on
Picks things up with thumb-finger pincer grasp
Indicates wants with gestures
Nine MonthsCombines syllables into word like sounds
Stands while holding on to something
Uses pincer grasp to pick up objects
Cruises while holding on to furniture
Bangs objects together
Plays patty cake
Says ‘dada’ and ‘mama’ to the right parent (is specific)
Ten MonthsWaves goodbye
Picks things up with pincer grasp
Crawls well
Says ‘dada’ and ‘mama’ to the right parent (is specific)
Responds to name and understands “no”
Indicates wants with gestures
Drinks from cup
Stands alone for a couple of seconds
Puts objects into a container
Eleven MonthsSays ‘dada’ and ‘mama’ to the right parent (is specific)
Plays patty cake
Stands alone for a couple of seconds
Imitates others’ activities
Puts objects into a container
Understands simple instructions
Drinks from a cup
Says one word besides ‘mama’ and ‘dada’
Stoops from standing position
Twelve MonthsImitates others’ activities
Jabbers word like sounds
Indicates wants with gestures
Says one word besides ‘mama’ and ‘dada’
Takes a few steps
Understands and responds to simple instructions
Scribbles with crayon
Walks well
Says two words besides ‘mama’ and ‘dada’
Thirteen MonthsUses two words skilfully (e.g. “hello” and “bye”)
Bends over and picks up an object
Stands alone
Enjoy gazing at their reflection
Drinks from a cup
Plays peek-a-boo
Combines words and gestures to make needs known
Tries to lift heavy things
Rolls a ball back and forth
Fourteen MonthsFinger feeds
Empties a container of contents
Imitates others
Toddles well
Initiates games
Points to one body part when asked
Uses spoon or fork
Matches lids with appropriate containers (e.g. pots and pans)
Fifteen MonthsPlays with ball
Vocabulary increases up to five words
Can draw a line
Runs well
Adopts “no” as their favourite word
Walks up stairs
“Helps” around the house
Puts their fingers to their mouth and says “shhhh”
Sixteen MonthsTurns the pages of a book
Has temper tantrums when frustrated
Becomes attached to a soft toy or other object
Discovers joy of climbing
Stacks three bricks
Learns the correct way to use common objects (e.g. the telephone)
Takes off one piece of clothing by themselves
Gets fussy about food
Switches from two day time sleeps to one
Seventeen MonthsUses a handful of words regularly
Enjoys pretend games
Likes riding toys
Responds to directions (e.g. “sit down”)
Feeds doll
Talks more clearly
Dances to music
Sorts toys by colour shape or size
Kicks ball forward
Eighteen MonthsWill “read” board books on their own
Can pedal when put on trike
Scribbles well
Strings words together in phrases
Brushes teeth with help
Builds a tower of four cubes
Throws ball overhand
Takes toys apart and puts them back together
Shows signs of toilet training readiness